Experts: now in Ukraine 36 million population due to high mortality, poverty and corruption
In Ukraine, the demographic situation has deteriorated sharply, said Vice-President of the Academy of economic Sciences of Ukraine, academician of the Academy of social management of Ukraine, doctor of economic Sciences, candidate of medical Sciences Anatolii Peshko.
He reminded that in 1990 there were more than 50 million Ukrainians, UNIAN writes.
“The demographic situation in Ukraine is catastrophic. According to official statistics, the figure is 42.6 million people, however, according to the Institute of demography and social research named after M. V. Ptukh, as of January 1, 2017, the population, excluding the temporarily occupied territories, is only 36 million people. According to the UN and the world Bank, 6-7 million young people, the most working age, went to European countries to work mainly in rough, low-skilled jobs. Consequently, the number of population – no more than 36 million. The catastrophic situation with mortality, which increased by 2 times, and the birth rate fell by 2 times. Thus, a situation is created in the country that in 20 years there will be no more than 20 million Ukrainians in Ukraine. And we were 50 million, ” said Peshko.
The high mortality rate in Ukraine is caused not only by the elderly, but also by middle-aged people, because they are not provided with appropriate medical care.
“A lot of people of working age are dying because they can’t get normal medical care. I will not name all the causes of high mortality, but the main is a deep total poverty, which does not allow people to provide adequate food and purchase medicines that could continue and make life quality, to support people in a working condition,” said Peshko.
According to the academician, the demographic ratio in the Ukrainian society has also sharply deteriorated.
“If earlier one employee in Ukraine was one idle, then today, a working person has two unemployed,” said Pesko.
This situation is due to the deterioration of life of Ukrainians during the years of independence, due to the wrong policy implemented in the country – social, economic, as well as due to irresponsibility, lack of professionalism in the branches of government and corruption.
The academician also said that he did not see the positive results of the reforms implemented in the country and criticized the medical reform.
At the same time, according to political scientist Ruslan Bizyaev, Ukraine has now become a socially uncomfortable country, which has become one of the reasons for the mass migration that is observed.